Election Management Bodies

Current Projects

“Comparing Election Management Bodies: Information, Communication and Transparency” – This project considers the capacity of 99 election management bodies (EMBs) around the world to perform their functions, including the provision of information on voting to citizens, communication with stakeholders, and transparency about their operations.

Behind the Screens: Evaluating State Election Administration in the United States” – This project seeks to collect comparative data on the structure of state election administration through surveys of state election management officials, online content analyses of state election administration websites, and analysis of state election laws, in an attempt to better classify and measure the variations in election administration in the United States.

Improving Electoral Management: The Organisational Determinants of Electoral Integrity (with Toby James and Leontine Loeber (University of East Anglia), and Carolien van Ham (University of New South Wales) – This project is a multi-national survey of election management officials, in collaboration with colleagues from Europe, with the support of the Venice Commission (Council of Europe). This project consists of two surveys: a structural survey that will collect data on election management budgets, personnel and hierarchies, and a personnel survey that asks employees about their job satisfaction and levels of training. In collaboration with the Electoral Integrity Project.

“When do Voters Trust the Administration of Elections? A Cross-National Analysis” – When do voters trust elections? This project tests whether the independence and capacity of a country’s election management body (EMB), the government agencies and departments tasked with the technical administration of elections, can help predict voter confidence in elections.


  • Holly Ann Garnett. “Election Management Bodies.” Election Watchdogs: Transparency, Accountability, Compliance and Integrity. Eds. Pippa Norris and Alessandro Nai. New York: Oxford University Press. (Forthcoming)
  • Toby James, Leontine Loeber, Holly Ann Garnett, and Carolien van Ham. “Improving Electoral Management: The Organizational Determinants of Electoral Integrity.” Electoral Expert Review. (Forthcoming)

Conference Organization

Conference Presentations



Image: United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan, Ján Kubiš, at a news conference in the capital, Kabul. (“UNAMA FEATURED PHOTO: 12 June 2014” by UNAMA News is licensed under CC)